After Kerala, Nipah virus suspected in Himachal Pradesh

After Kerala, Nipah virus suspected in Himachal Pradesh

After Kerala, Nipah virus suspected in Himachal Pradesh

However, they said that people should avoid travelling to the four northern districts of Kerala - Kozhikode, Malappuram, Waynad and Kannur - to be "extra cautious". Health officials said Tuesday that 10 people who were exposed to the Nipah virus and showed symptoms have died.

Animal Husbandry department and Forest officials deposit a bat into a container after catching it inside a well at Changaroth in Kozhikode in the Indian state of Kerala on May 21, 2018.

Travel to Kerala, a popular tourist destination, was declared safe by Rajeev Sadanandan, a state health official, who said the outbreak "remains highly localised", with all cases linked to one family.

While the cause of the outbreak is still being investigated, a team of health experts who visited the family's house have linked it to dead bats found in the home's water well. Seventy one cases with 50 deaths (70%) were reported in these two outbreaks.

In a letter to the medical authorities, the director of Health Services, Braja Kishore Brahma, underscored the need to take preventive measures against the deadly virus as treatment options were limited.

Precautions: Avoid contact with bats or its faecal droppings and pigs.

Nipah virus what are the symptoms and how is it spread
Getty nimal Husbandry department and Forest officials inspect a well to to catch bats in Kozhikode

Nipah was first identified in 1998 after pig farmers were infected in the village of Kampung Sungai Nipah, in Malaysia.

NiV infection in humans has a range of effects, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory distress syndrome and fatal encephalitis. The natural hosts of the virus are fruit bats.

V. Moosa, who died Thursday in a hospital in the southwest state of Kerala, had two sons and a sister-in-law succumb to the same deadly infection spread by fruit bats last week.

There are no drugs or vaccine to treat the Nipah virus, which has a high mortality rate, according the World Health Organization. A person can also get Nipah from another infected person. There have also been reports of human-to-human transmission in a hospital in India. According to the ministry, of the 12 deaths so far due to the virus, nine people died in Kozhikode district and three in Mallappuram.

There is now no vaccine or treatment to tackle Nipah, which has a mortality rate of around 70 percent. The main treatment for those infected is "intensive supportive care", according to the United Nations health body.

Will Power wins 102nd running of the Indianapolis 500
She was surrounded by autograph-seekers all month, and she got one of the loudest ovations during driver introductions Sunday. IndyCar Series driver Danica Patrick prior to the 102nd Running of the Indianapolis 500 at Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

Related news